On Tuesday I took a stab at discussing Ender Inciarte within the context of his defensive value. Because his defensive value makes up the bulk of his overall value as a player (since he doesn’t hit a lot), he needs to maintain a high defensive level in order to continue to be a truly valuable asset. That, of course, places a lot of stress on his defense. It can’t slip or his overall value does. But Inciarte is not the only D-backs player who has just one true carrying tool, because diversely talented baseball players are hard to find.

And if we’re going to talk about tools, it’s probably best to give some kind of preface. Jason Parks of Baseball Prospectus did a great job with this in the past and Kiley McDaniel of FanGraphs has taken the most recent, thorough pass through this topic. I’d encourage you to read the works of either of these two, but I’ll break down the scouting grades in a very simple, adapted way below

  • 80 – elite; the absolute best of the best
  • 70 – plus-plus; extremely good very rare
  • 60 – plus; solidly above average
  • 50 – average; the average ability of a major league regular
  • 40 – below average; a full notch below average
  • 30 – poor; well-below average
  • 20 – terrible; almost irrelevant because major leaguers are simply better than this
    • *half-grades are widely used (ex. 55, 45, etc)

And the conglomerate of grades, when applied to the hit tool, power, throwing arm, speed and fielding, results in a final evaluation, which I’ll refer to as a player’s “role.”

  • 8 – first ballot hall-of-famer, generational talent
  • 7 – perennial All-Star, one of the best in the league at his position
  • 6 – peak of an All-Star, usually just below that level, but above average
  • 5 – average major league starter
  • 4 – fringy, probably a platoon player or defensive substitute
  • 3 – bench guy, should never start
  • 2 – emergency call-up

So after talking about Inciarte the other day, I kind of got to thinking about other players who rely on one tool to carry their value. The Diamondbacks have a few of them for two reasons, or maybe a few more, but let’s stick with two for now: Kevin Towers did not seem particularly determined to acquire well-rounded, diverse players, and, well-rounded, diverse players are hard to find and are usually expensive. It’s true, the most diverse, talented players overall usually command the highest salaries. The Diamondbacks don’t often have the financial resources available to compete on those kinds of guys, and therefore, can’t obtain them on the free agent market. In fact, if we look at the grades of D-backs position players, something stands out. Take a peek:

Screen Shot 2015-02-18 at 8.29.24 PM

Similar to the chart used in Tuesday’s work, you’ll notice a color-coding system to denote the value of each tool. Dark green is the best, dark red the worst and the other colors represent varying degrees of talent. Which players have the most dark green and are the most diverse? Paul Goldschmidt and A.J. Pollock, homegrown talents who didn’t require a large, up-front investments. In close proximity is Chris Owings, another player developed from within. Not only are these players well-rounded, they’re also incredibly cheap. Thanks to service time requirements, these guys don’t cost the team much in terms of salary commitments and provides them the chance to spend big money on other investments, like Yasmany Tomas, who’s also near the top in terms of his role.

But the focus here is on guys who have one tool that carries them. Because similar to what we discussed with Inciarte on Tuesday, if that tool goes or drops in value, the player’s value can drop rapidly. We saw this recently with our favorite Inside the ‘Zona topic, Mark Trumbo. The power dried up, probably due in large part to injury, but it crushed his value. Instead of launching DINGERZ and tallying a couple of wins, he did all of the usual things (strike out, not walk, not get on base and play poor defense) but there wasn’t any power to save him. He went from an average to slightly above average regular to a guy worth nearly a negative win-and-a-half. When the carrying tool went, so did the value.

But Trumbo’s not alone here. The Diamondbacks’ biggest investment (ever) might be a similar case since Yasmany Tomas doesn’t appear to be a guy who’ll play good defense at third (at least based on past scouting reports), will strike out plenty and won’t walk a lot while being a below average runner. The power is his calling card and if that doesn’t play out, which is not beyond our imagination given the issues he could have with making consistent contact, his overall value could be below expectations. He could also hit a ton of bombs, we just don’t know yet. But the concern remains and should he have any issues, we could be forced to re-evaluate how we see Tomas.

Two younger players fit the same narrative in Jake Lamb and Peter O’Brien. Both have contact concerns and while Lamb should play decent enough defense, the value of the players are tied somewhat to their power output. Jake Lamb isn’t going to make a big league career from his defense at third base, he has to hit. Even if Peter O’Brien does enough to make him a plausible big league option behind the plate, his bat is what’ll get him in the every day lineup. You get the idea. If these two aren’t putting up appealing isolated power numbers, they’re no more than second-division starters at best.

I don’t have a solution for this, other than to continue to develop well-rounded talent. Drafting well and signing players smartly are really the only solutions. Brandon Drury may fit into the more well-rounded category, but there’s almost no one close to the majors outside of him that fits the model at this point in time. In order to avoid busts, having more traits to bet on seems like the proper route. But finding and developing said players is a tall order and everyone in baseball is trying to do the same thing. There’s a lot of bust potential for the Diamondbacks and they need a lot of things to click in order to produce offensively. The talent is there, most notably in the form of power, but how it manifests itself is up in the air.

*Note: grades are my own estimations based on the criteria shared by Jason Parks, Kiley McDaniel and others. Feel free to quibble, I’d actually be interested to see where some may disagree.

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6 Responses to An Observation on the Risk of Power

  1. Anonymous says:

    Ironic you title the article risk of power and then say ender hits for little, when in fact he may of been one of the best top of line guys from jun on.

    • Ryan P. Morrison says:

      I too believe in Ender’s late line — or line excluding his break-in month — more than most. But as much as I love the guy, I don’t disagree with his power grade.

      It’s the OBP that’s exciting to me, but it’s teetering right at the edge of a knife. If his true talent really is more of a .330 OBP, then he’s at least in the conversation for the top of the order. If it’s more like his total line from last year — .318 — then he really doesn’t. So close. And if he can improve, well, we’ve got something useful…

    • Jeff Wiser says:

      I’ll defer to the projections and scouting reports for now, but remain cautiously optimistic. If you want to bet on all of the guys who’ve ever put together a good two-month span at some point during their rookie season, that’s not going to pan out well. Now, if he’s still a league average hitter or better by *this* June, well, I’ll gladly change my tune.

      I’m encourage, just want to see a little more.

      • Ryan P. Morrison says:

        Yeah, it’s a big if — and he could be worse than his line last year. For what it’s worth, ZiPS has him at a .316 OBP.

        If I am looking for reasons to be optimistic, though, I think this is a better than normal reason. Inciarte had a couple of particularly hot months, but I’m not looking to count just those. All I’m wondering if we can do is to give less weight to his first month — his May — when he was breaking in as a part-time player.

        That May was just not that pretty. Using 133 PA as an arbitrary cutoff (a “Jake Lamb” number of PA), Inciarte had a .256 OBP in his first 133 PA, and .341 OBP in his final 314 PA.

        If we switch that to just his 49 PA in his first month, May, the difference stands out even more. A .191 OBP in May, a .332 OBP the rest of the way.

        Not saying I trust it, but in general I’d tend to trust a player’s very beginning a bit less than the rest, and I would distinguish that from a couple of hot rookie months, a la Didi Gregorius. A man can dream…

  2. Anonymous says:

    Didis problem is a classic one of not fixing him right by simply keeping his head on the ball and thru. Instead he was swinging up with his head with it trying for more power.as usual got neither power or hits. wonder if matt williams ever picked up on it, while there. Not last year of course. Feet legs balance hands back head on the ball.

  3. Edd says:

    A few years ago, when AJ Pollock stayed in the team all season long after making the team only by an Injury of Ross or some other OF, I really predicted he was going to be a daily player. Today I think the same of ENDER even above the fantastic David Peralta. Why? He’s so young and he has so much room for improvement, a great defense and he was the only player who showed last year he can be a truly leading off hitter. I don’t agree that the bulk of his value is the defense because he had a great 2nd half, he runs and he hit for a .278 on his 1st season. Give the guy a break, he can be a great OF in the years to come.

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